Новий уряд повинен знизити вартість комунальних послуг для населення, інакше президент Володимир Зеленський ініціює його розпуск. Про це Зеленський заявив в інтерв’ю з нагоди 100 днів свого президентства на каналі «1+1» .

«Задача така поставлена новому уряду: вони повинні показати модель, і якщо моделі не буде зменшення комуналки, будемо прощатися з урядом. Все, що вони зможуть, вони зроблять», – сказав він.

Зеленський уточнив, що власне ціна комунальних послуг може лишатися такою ж, але тоді мають зрости доходи.

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«Питання не в тому, яка ціна комуналки, питання – який відсоток від того, що людина отримує, пенсію чи заробітну плату, вона сплачує за комуналку… Комуналка може бути й такою ж, тому що є ринкові ціни і таке інше – тоді збільшуємо пенсії, субсидії, заробітну плату. Тобто ми говоримо про відсоток, не може 50%, 70%, 80% чи 90% від тієї суми, яку отримує людина, вона не може сплачувати за комуналку», – стверджує президент.

Він уточнив, що Кабінет міністрів знає про його позицією і «щось готує».

За Конституцією, Верховна Рада за пропозицією президента може ухвалити резолюцію недовіри до уряду своєю конституційною більшістю. Це може статися не раніше ніж за рік після схвалення програми уряду.

Верховна Рада проголосувала за новий склад Кабінету міністрів під керівництвом Олексія Гончарука 29 серпня. 


Офіс президента наразі не має варіанту переїзду з Банкової о Українського дому – про це глава ОП Андрій Богдан повідомив у проєкті «100 днів президента» на каналі «1+1».

«Ми не можемо знайти на сьогоднішній день варіант переїзду. Була абсолютно логічна інструкція переїзду в Український дім з розміщенням тут музею. Але дійсно час проведення там ремонтних робіт плюс всі ці системи секретності, зв’язку, безпеки – це настільки все складно, що немає змісту це робити як тимчасовий», – заявив Богдан.

В тому ж інтерв’ю перший помічник президента Володимира Зеленського Сергій Шефір висловив думку, що переїзд до Українського дому, раніше запланований президентом, не на часі.

«Не на часі – але це особисто моя думка. І немає таких пропозицій, щоб усі сказали – так, це супер-пропозиція, це недорого, красиво і там зручно», – сказав він.

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На початку серпня заступник голови ОП Кирило Тимошенко заявив про «певні складнощі» з раніше анонсованим переїздом президентського апарату до Українського дому.

18 квітня на той час кандидат у президенти України Володимир Зеленський заявив, що «дуже хоче», щоб Адміністрацію президента перенесли з Банкової. «Я сказав своїм хлопцям: «Шукайте якийсь open space», якийсь unit цікавий», – розповів Зеленський в інтерв’ю виданню «РБК-Україна».

Згодом команда президента запропонувала перенести офіс голови держави в Український дім на Європейській площі, яка розташована неподалік від урядового кварталу. Це п’ятиповерхова будівля з великим простором посередині. Вона була музеєм більшовицького ватажка Володимира Леніна аж до занепаду Радянського Союзу і незалежності України 1991 року.


Група осіб видавала себе за керівників Офісу президента і вимагала з колишнього співробітника державної компанії «Укрспецекспорт» хабар за призначення на посаду голови концерну «Укроборонпром», повідомляють у Державному бюро розслідувань.

«Слідчі територіального управління Державного бюро розслідувань, розташованого в Києві, спільно з Військовою прокуратурою викрили групу осіб, які вимагали 570 тисяч доларів США від колишнього співробітника державної компанії «Укрспецекспорт» за сприяння у його призначенні на керівну посаду в державний концерн «Укроборонпром», – йдеться в заяві Бюро.​

Пресслужба відомства повідомляє, що чотирьох підозрюваних затримали в Києві під час передачі їм частини хабара в розмірі 250 тисяч доларів. Передача відбувалася в одному з офісів на Банковій вулиці – навпроти Офісу президента.

Читайте також: Співробітника підприємства «Укроборонпрому» засудили за роботу на російську розвідку – СБУ​

Співробітники ДБР готують повідомлення про підозру та клопотання до суду щодо запобіжного заходу. 

Кримінальне провадження відкрили за статтею «шахрайство в особливо великих розмірах». У разі обвинувального вироку затриманим загрожує ув’язнення від п’яти до 12 років.

30 серпня президент України Володимир Зеленський призначив головою державного концерну «Укроборонпром» ексміністра економічного розвитку України в уряді Арсенія Яценюка Айвараса Абромавичуса.


Це «ще одним кроком до енергетичної незалежності не тільки України, а й усієї Європи» – Олександр Данилюк


After canceling a trip to Poland to stay stateside to oversee the federal government’s response to an approaching hurricane, President Donald Trump took time out to golf and to send a thinly veiled warning to his ousted Oval Office gatekeeper.

The president, on Saturday morning, was flown on Marine One from Camp David in Maryland to his Trump National Golf Club in Sterling, Virginia.
 
Camp David has a driving range and a single golf hole with multiple tees, but the president, keeping to his weekend routine when the weather is fair, chose to head to the nearest of his private 18-hole courses.

Before departing the presidential retreat, which he rarely has used, Trump dispatched a blizzard of tweets – at a rate of nearly one per minute over an hour – on his personal @realDonaldTrump account.

Some of his tweets referenced Hurricane Dorian, a Category 4 storm poised to damage the southeastern U.S. coast, with Trump noting it could pose more of a threat to South Carolina and Georgia than the original forecast of landfall in Florida.

Looking like our great South Carolina could get hit MUCH harder than first thought. Georgia and North Carolina also. It’s moving around and very hard to predict, except that it is one of the biggest and strongest (and really wide) that we have seen in decades. Be safe!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 31, 2019

“He’s being briefed every hour” about the hurricane, according to White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham.

Amid continuing questions about why Trump postponed his trip to Poland for a hurricane that is not expected to hit any of the United States until after the time the president would have returned from Europe, Grisham said, “Obviously, being here domestically is better. … We’re more nimble and all his agencies are here.” 

After time at his golf course, Trump was to receive another briefing, back at Camp David, about the hurricane.

On Sunday, Trump is scheduled to return to the White House and then visit the headquarters of the Federal Emergency Management Agency in downtown Washington.

FILE – President Donald Trump’s personal secretary Madeleine Westerhout stands outside the Oval Office of the White House in Washington, April 2, 2018.

A pair of Saturday tweets by Trump focused on the abrupt departure of Oval Office gatekeeper Madeleine Westerhout, who had dished gossip to a group of reporters during an off-the-record dinner and drinking session about the president’s eating habits. She also disparaged daughter Tiffany Trump, claiming the president does not like being photographed with her because he thinks she is overweight.

Book publishers reportedly have been seeking to contact Westerhout after she was not permitted to return on Friday to her job as a personal assistant to the president.

Trump, on Twitter, said Westerhout had signed a confidentially agreement, but “I don’t think there would ever be reason to use it. She called me yesterday to apologize, had a bad night. I fully understood and forgave her! I love Tiffany, doing great!”

While Madeleine Westerhout has a fully enforceable confidentiality agreement, she is a very good person and I don’t think there would ever be reason to use it. She called me yesterday to apologize, had a bad night. I fully understood and forgave her! I love Tiffany, doing great!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 31, 2019

In a subsequent tweet, the president claimed he is “currently suing several people for violating their confidentiality agreements,” including former White House aide Omarosa Manigault Newman, who was fired after one year as the communications director in the White House Office of Public Liaison.

…Yes, I am currently suing various people for violating their confidentiality agreements. Disgusting and foul mouthed Omarosa is one. I gave her every break, despite the fact that she was despised by everyone, and she went for some cheap money from a book. Numerous others also!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 31, 2019

A number of former federal lawyers and private attorneys rebutted Trump on Twitter, asserting that the non-disclosure agreements are not legally enforceable unless classified information is revealed.

Trump himself is facing some criticism about revealing sensitive U.S. government information after he tweeted on Friday a detailed photograph of a launchpad explosion of an Iranian rocket that was set to put a satellite into space.  

Analysts say the public release of an image with such resolution is unprecedented and was probably taken by a KH-11 American spy satellite known as USA-224.

“We had a photo and I released it, which I have the absolute right to do,” Trump told reporters on Friday.

U.S. presidents are able to declassify information at their discretion – the most prominent example being John Kennedy’s decision in 1962 to make public pictures taken by a U-2 spy plane that revealed Soviets troops were placing missiles in Cuba aimed at the United States.

 


Baik Sung-won and Kim dong-hyun contributed to this report.

WASHINGTON — Muted U.S. criticism of North Korea’s missile tests is encouraging Pyongyang to escalate its weapons program, undermining Washington’s own diplomatic efforts aimed at denuclearization, experts have told VOA in recent days.

“Trump’s casual dismissal of seven rounds of [North Korean leader] Kim Jong Un’s ballistic missile tests [since late July] is an inexcusable act that, in effect, is viewed by Kim as license to continue to pursue his weapons of mass destruction programs,” Robert Manning, a senior fellow at the Atlantic Council, told VOA by email Thursday.

North Korea has conducted nine missile launches since May, following the breakdown of the Hanoi Summit in February, where Kim failed to secure sanctions relief from U.S. President Donald Trump. Talks between Pyongyang and Washington have been at standstill since then.

U.S. Secretary of Defense Mark Esper speaks to reporters during a briefing at the Pentagon, Aug. 28, 2019.

Defense Secretary Mark Esper told reporters at a Pentagon news conference Wednesday that the U.S. is concerned about North Korea’s short-range missile tests. But Esper said, “On the other hand, we’re not going to overreact.”  He continued, “We want to take a measured response and make sure that we don’t close the door to diplomacy.”

The Trump administration has largely played down North Korea’s missile tests, in an apparent move to continue diplomacy aimed at denuclearizing the country. In response to the latest round of tests North Korea conducted on August 23, Trump said Kim did not violate a promise made to him because “we never restricted short-range missiles.”

Dennis Wilder, the National Security Council’s senior director for East Asia affairs during the George W. Bush administration, said by email Thursday, “Because it seems there is no way to get the North to the negotiating table, the administration is prepared to allow the short-range missile testing, as long as it does not destabilize the situation on the peninsula or in Northeast Asia.”

 “The cost of doing this,” he said, “is that Kim continues to produce fissile material for nuclear weapons and develop other parts of his military arsenal.”

FILE – This photo taken Feb. 8, 2018, and released on Feb. 9, 2018, by North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) shows Hwasong-15 ballistic missile during the military parade in Pyongyang, North Korea.

North Korea said Thursday it would be a “mistake” for the West to think it would give up weapons it says are required to maintain peace.

The statement, circulated by North Korea’s U.N. mission, was issued in response to a joint British, French and German statement issued in a closed-door U.N. Security Council session Tuesday condemning North Korea for recent missile tests. 

Evans Revere, acting assistant secretary of state for East Asia and the Pacific during the George W. Bush administration, said by phone Tuesday Washington’s “constant dismissal of the significance of things like ballistic missile launches … has the effect of encouraging the North Koreans into thinking that they are on the right track.”

North Korea has apparently developed advanced missile technology that can evade preemptive strikes targeted to destroy missiles before they are launched and missile defense systems designed to intercept incoming missiles in flight.

According to Douglas Paal, vice president at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Trump administration’s dismissal of North Korea’s missile tests has also made South Korea as well as Japan skeptical of Washington’s security policy in East Asia.

FILE – President Donald Trump meets with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the border village of Panmunjom in the Demilitarized Zone, South Korea, June 30, 2019.

“The muted criticism of North Korea, following President Trump’s lead, is reinforcing doubts in South Korea and Japan that the U.S. does not share their concerns about the growing missile threats to them and cares more about missiles that can reach U.S. territory,” said Paal by email Thursday.  “The U.S. sense of detachment from Korean security interests is contributing to a drift in the alliance.”

Against U.S. recommendations, Seoul pulled out of an intelligence-sharing pact that shares sensitive military information with Tokyo last week. The U.S. has been expressing disappointment and concerns about Seoul’s move to end the agreement.

In response, South Korean First Vice Foreign Minister Cho Sei-young reportedly asked U.S. Ambassador Harry Harris Wednesday to refrain from publicly expressing disapproval of its decision to terminate the agreement.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe disagreed with Trump on North Korea’s missile tests when the two met in France for an annual Group of Seven summit last Sunday.

Abe said, “It was extremely regrettable for us to experience another around of the launch of the short-range ballistic missiles by North Korea in recent days.”
 


Кримінальне провадження стосовно колишнього віцеспікера Верховної Ради Ігоря Калєтніка закрили законно, заявила речниця ексгенпрокурора Юрія Луценка Лариса Сарган у Facebook.

«Трошки деталей. Стаття Кримінального кодексу, яку 5,5 (!) років [голова Управління спеціальних розслідувань ГПУ Сергій] Горбатюк інкримінував Калєтніку, – давно декриміналізована. По справі є рішення судів, в яких чітко вказано на відсутність складу злочину. У цій же справі було відмовлено у проведенні заочного розслідування через відсутність складу злочину, є рішення суду про необхідність закриття справи», – написала Сарган.

Вона додала, що 20 кримінальних проваджень за підслідністю передані до Державного бюро розслідувань, Національної поліції та Служби безпеки України.

«Провадження не мають стосунку ні до справ Майдану, ні до колишніх високопосадовців. Це, наприклад, справи викрадення цукру, забудов Києва тощо передані за підслідністю», – заявила Сарган.

29 серпня Верховна Рада звільнила Юрія Луценка і призначила генеральним прокурором Руслана Рябошапку.

Увечері 30 серпня Управління спеціальних розслідувань ГПУ повідомило, що Луценко перед звільненням призначив головного військового прокурора Анатолія Матіоса «куруючим заступником» УСР і змінив орган досудового розслідування у 20 кримінальних провадженнях.

В управлінні додали, що заступник генерального прокурора Сергій Кізь закрив провадження стосовно першого заступника голови Верховної Ради Ігоря Калєтніка у 2012-2014 роках у справі про організацію голосування за «диктаторські закони» 16 січня 2014 року.


VOA’s Ramon Taylor contributed to this report.

SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS — It took Julia and her two daughters five years to get from Kassai, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to a cot on the floor of a migrant shelter in Laredo, Texas, on a Sunday night in August 2019.

First, it was four years in Angola. She saved money, she says, by working as a hairdresser.

They flew to Ecuador. Took a bus and boat to Colombia. They spent 14 days crossing through Panama’s Darien Gap, lost part of the time in the dense jungle. Three weeks in Panama, then three more in Costa Rica while Julia recuperated from an illness. Then Nicaragua. Honduras. Guatemala.

Finally, after a month of waiting in Acuña, on the U.S.-Mexico border, they stuck their feet in the sandy dirt along the southern bank of the Rio Grande. They were alone, and didn’t know how to swim.

“We prayed first, then we got into the water,” Julia recalled. “My daughter was crying.” 

“‘Mom, I can’t…’” Julia remembers her pleading in chest-high water.

Halfway across, she says, U.S. soldiers — possibly border agents — shouted to them: “‘Come, give us your hands.’“

“I did,” Julia recalls, “and they took us out.”

Migrants from African countries rest outside a barn used as a shelter in Peñitas, Darien Province, Panama, May 10, 2019. African and Asian migrants tend to pay smugglers to shepherd them through the Darien Gap on their journey north to the U.S.

More families from afar

Historically, the majority of people caught crossing into the southwest U.S. without authorization were single Mexican adults. In fiscal 2009, Mexicans accounted for 91.63% of border apprehensions, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection data.

But demographics of migrants and asylum-seekers crossing into the U.S. from Mexico are shifting in two significant ways: In the last decade, nationals of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras began migrating in greater numbers. In the same period, the number of Mexicans dropped.

Then, in the last year, families became the top source of Southwest border migration. The Border Patrol apprehended 432,838 adults and children traveling in family units from October 2018 through July 2019, a 456% increase over the same period the previous fiscal year.

To the surprise of longtime border agents, while the overwhelming majority of these families continue to be from Mexico and the Northern Triangle countries of Central America, a small but growing proportion are from countries outside the Americas, nearly twice as much as two years ago.

By the end of July this year, CBP data shows the agency had apprehended 63,470 people from countries other than those four, making up 8.35% of total apprehensions. In fiscal 2017, they were 4.3% of the total apprehended population.

A U.S. Border Patrol Del Rio Sector Dive Team searches for a 2-year-old Haitian girl in Rio Grande River in Del Rio, Texas, July 2, 2019.

CBP does not release the breakdown of where detained migrants come from until after the end of the fiscal year in September. But anecdotes and preliminary data show an increasingly diverse group of migrants and asylum-seekers, including more than 1,600 African nationals from 36 countries, apprehended in one border sector alone.

They are unprecedented numbers.

Allen Vowell, an acting deputy patrol agent in charge with the U.S. Border Patrol in Eagle Pass, Texas, said the recent demographic changes are unlike any he has seen in two decades of working on the border.

“I would say until this year, Africans — personally I’ve probably only seen a handful in over 20 years,” Vowell said.

From Oct. 1, 2018, to Aug. 22, 2019, Del Rio sector agents apprehended 51,394 people, including 1,681 nationals of African countries. They are largely, like Julia, originally from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola or Cameroon, according to sector officials.

The arrival of sub-Saharan nationals — often Congolese, according to Del Rio Sector officials — posed new challenges. A lot of border agents are bilingual in English and Spanish. But when apprehending a group that primarily spoke French and Portuguese, the agents had to scramble for interpreters.

While many migrants from the Northern Triangle have relatives in the U.S. as a point of contact or a destination, those from Africa are less likely to have those relationships.

That means they are more likely to stay in migrant shelters in the U.S. or in Mexico for longer, waiting to figure out their next steps until their immigration court hearing.

There is the political tumult in Venezuela, leading to the exodus of millions of people scattered throughout the region.

FILE – Yenly Morales, left, and Yenly Herrera, right, immigrants from Cuba seeking asylum in the United States, wait on the Brownsville and Matamoros International Bridge in Matamoros, Mexico, Nov. 2, 2018.

The end of the “wet foot dry foot” policy with Cuba that allowed migrants who reached the shores of Florida to remain, Cubans who want to leave the island for the U.S. to take a more circuitous route.

And then, to the surprise of Border Patrol agents, there arrived the large groups of sub-Saharan Africans, crossing through the Del Rio sector in Texas.

The migrant trail goes beyond Africa.

Ten years ago, CBP detained 99 Indians on the Southwest border. In 2018, it was 8,997. 

Similarly, Bangladeshi migrants didn’t figure into the top 20 countries among those apprehended at the border a decade ago. In 2019, there were 1,198.

This week, a Bangladeshi man living in Mexico pleaded guilty to human smuggling charges.

There are also the regional conflicts and tensions in Latin America and the Caribbean that are leading to a bigger number of migrants within the hemisphere arriving at the U.S-Mexico border, like Venezuela and Nicaragua. Haitians and Cubans continue to take the more circuitous route through Central America and up to the U.S., rather than travel by boat to Florida, where they risk being stopped by the U.S. Coast Guard before setting foot on land.

Son’s death sends family on a dangerous journey

Julia says she got tunnel vision after her teenage son was killed in DRC, en route to school one day in 2014 for reasons she still does not know or understand.

She only knows that she received a call from the morgue. A truck dropped his body off there.

He was 17. His name was George.

She can’t go back to DRC, she says. It’s just not safe.

“There, while you sleep, the thieves will come through the roof. They demand money, and if you don’t have money, they’ll rape your daughter,” she said.

“When he died in 2014, I made up my mind that I would not stay.”

They want to get to Buffalo, New York. They don’t have family in the U.S., Julia says, but some people they met on the road were headed there. Word was, there was work, at least.

She had an immigration court hearing scheduled for the first week of August. She was still at the San Antonio shelter, two days before.

They didn’t now how far from Texas it was, or how cold New York gets in winter. They weren’t worried about those things now. They just needed the bus fare to get there, and they had nothing left. No money. No phone.

Ketsia, now 15, speaks Spanish, English and Italian with ease. Jemima, 9, is the best French speaker in the family. They didn’t fight while they’ve been on the road for the last five months, from Ecuador to San Antonio. Not much, at least, they giggle.

“She’s strong. Very strong,” Ketsia says of her mother, in Spanish. “I saw a lot of women who left their kids behind in the jungle. She’s courageous. This path we’re on, isn’t for everyone. If you’re not strong, it’s very difficult.”

FILE – A man shovels snow from the roof of his home after a storm in Buffalo, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014.

“My dream is to arrive there, to New York. To get a job. To put the girls in school,” Julia responds.

“I suffered a lot already,” she says, something she repeats without going into more detail. She has a tendency to stare off, lose herself in thought when the conversation nears the darker parts of their family history.

“I don’t want my children to go through the same,” she says. “We suffered a lot. I don’t want that anymore for my children.”

The shelter where they stayed does not track migrants after they’ve left, and for privacy and safety reasons, shelters do not share whether individuals are staying with them.

Attempts by VOA to locate Julia, Ketsia and Jemima in the weeks following the interview were unsuccessful.


A military judge set a date Friday in early 2021 for the start of the long-stalled war crimes trial of five men being held at the Guantanamo Bay prison on charges of planning and aiding the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.

Air Force Col. W. Shane Cohen set the start date in an order setting motion and evidentiary deadlines in a case that has been bogged down in pretrial litigation. The five defendants were arraigned in May 2012.

In setting the Jan. 11, 2021, start, Cohen noted that the trial at the U.S. base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, “will face a host of administrative and logistics challenges.”

The U.S. has charged the five with war crimes that include terrorism, hijacking and nearly 3,000 counts of murder for their alleged roles planning and providing logistical support to the Sept. 11 plot. They could get the death penalty if convicted at the military commission, which combines elements of civilian and military law.

The five defendants include Khalid Shaikh Mohammad, a senior al-Qaida figure who has portrayed himself as the mastermind of the Sept. 11 attacks and other terrorist plots.

Mohammad and his four co-defendants have been held at Guantanamo since September 2006 after several years in clandestine CIA detention facilities following their capture.


Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg joined several hundred other young people Friday outside the United Nations to demand action on global warming. 
 
To chants of “Greta! Greta!” the petite 16-year-old climate rock star made her way through a sea of young people, many of whom said they had drawn inspiration from her activism. 
 
She rose to fame last year after she started skipping school on Fridays, leading strikes over the lack of action on climate change. 
 
Greta arrived in New York on Wednesday, ahead of a Sept. 21 Youth Climate Summit at the United Nations, which she will address. Adult leaders will meet two days later to have a climate summit of their own. 
 
She has said she will not fly because air travel leaves too big a carbon footprint, and she put her principles to the test, crossing the Atlantic in a zero-emissions, no-frills sailboat with her father and a small crew. The trip took two weeks and the seas were often rough. 
 
On Friday, she looked tired and perhaps a bit overwhelmed by the large and enthusiastic crowd and the aggressive pack of photographers and reporters. She answered a few questions, but her comments were mostly inaudible because there was no sound system and she is not one to shout her message. But it did not dampen the enthusiasm of the many young people who had come to see her.  

Youths gather Aug. 30, 3019, outside the United Nations in New York to demand action on global warming. (M. Besheer/VOA)

“We came today because we want to support Greta,” 12-year old Tilly told VOA. She had a sturdy grip on the hand of her 8-year old sister, Izzy. Tilly noted that her family recycles.  
 
Olivia, 15, from Long Island, New York, came by commuter train with her friend Defna, also 15, to see Greta. Olivia said her school is very conservative and climate change is not a subject that gets much attention. She wants to change that. 
 
“We want to start being a voice for our school, because we have to, because no one else is,” Olivia said. “We don’t have any clubs about the environment. We don’t have anything. We are trying to start, we have to, because people need to know about it, because they think it’s not as bad as it is.” 
 
This youth movement is angry at world leaders and adults who they think are not taking rising atmospheric temperatures, melting ice caps and greenhouse gas emissions seriously. 
 
“They [adults] have to strike with us, definitely,” Defna said. “And people who do not believe in the issue have to come here and support the kids, because it is our future.” 
 

A speaker addresses young climate activists outside the United Nations in New York, Aug. 30, 2019. The rally preceded a Sept. 21 Youth Climate Summit at the U.N.; adults will meet two days later for a climate summit of their own. (M. Besheer/VOA)

Demonstrators carried signs that warned, “Protect the planet because your life depends on it,” “Our house is on fire,” and messages to the grownups that included, “Act now or we will!” 
 
Greta received an impromptu invitation to meet with the president of the U.N. General Assembly, María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés. She took two of the young New York activists with her, Alexandria Villasenor, 14 and Xiye Bastida, 17. 
 
As they entered the U.N. building, Thunberg noted, “There is a lot of air conditioning.” 

‘Tipping point’
 
In her meeting, she spoke of the upcoming summit.  
 
“I think this U.N. summit needs to be some kind of breaking point, tipping point, where people start to realize what is actually going on,” Thunberg said. “And, so we have high expectations in you, too, and all member states to deliver. And we are going to try to do our part to make sure that they have all eyes on them and they have put the pressure on them so they cannot continue to ignore it.” 
 
Espinosa told VOA that she was impressed with Thunberg because of all that she has done and for “her commitment, strength and intelligence.” 
 
She said they discussed how governments, the private sector, citizens and youth all have roles to play to change the tide of global warming.  
 
Also Friday, a Brazilian delegation met with U.S. President Donald Trump at the White House, “to thank [him] for his support during the crisis surrounding the fires in the Amazon rainforest.” 
 
The meeting was not previously announced in the president’s daily schedule but was tweeted by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro late Thursday.

– Nosso Chanceler @ernestofaraujo e o Deputado Eduardo @BolsonaroSP serão recebidos, nessa sexta-feira, pelo Presidente @realDonaldTrump na Casa Branca em Washington.

— Jair M. Bolsonaro (@jairbolsonaro) August 29, 2019

Speaking to reporters after the meeting, Minister of Foreign Affairs Ernesto Araújo downplayed the fires. “It’s basically on average of the last years, and Brazil is already controlling the fires,” he said. 
 
More than 75,000 fires covering the Amazon region have been detected this year, with many of them coming this month. Experts have blamed farmers and ranchers for the fires, accusing them of setting them to clear lands for their operations.  
  
About 60% of the Amazon region is in Brazil. The vast rainforest also extends into Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.  
 
At the Group of Seven summit in Biarritz, France, last weekend, French President Emmanuel Macron and Bolsonaro went head to head several times over the Amazon fires issue. 


The United States and Poland may sign an agreement aimed at securing 5G networks when U.S. Vice President Mike Pence visits Warsaw in the coming days, a senior White House official said Friday. 

Pence leaves Saturday night on a trip to Poland, Ireland, Iceland and Britain. President Donald Trump had planned to make the trip himself, but Pence is going instead so that Trump can remain in the United States as Hurricane Dorian approaches the Atlantic coast. 

Pence will attend ceremonies marking the start of World War II 80 years ago. But he will also discuss with Polish officials how to maintain cybersecurity with 5G technology edging closer and Chinese telecommunications firm Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. under scrutiny. 
 
The United States has led a global campaign to persuade allies to ban Huawei, the world’s top telecommunications equipment supplier, from 5G networks. The U.S. government says Huawei can spy on customers, has violated U.S. sanctions on Iran and has stolen American intellectual property. Huawei denies the allegations. 

FILE – A pedestrian walks past a Huawei product stand at an EE telecommunications shop in London, April 29, 2019.

Guarding against ‘adversary nations’

A goal of a U.S.-Poland 5G agreement would be to protect networks from unauthorized access and interference from telecommunications suppliers controlled by “adversary nations,” the official said, without naming any companies or countries. 
 
“Important steps are being taken, some of which we may be able to announce in the next day or two, to develop a common approach to a 5G network security between our two countries to ensure a secure and vibrant 5G ecosystem,” the official said. 
 
The comments echoed those of a senior Polish official on Thursday. Poland in July proposed tightening its cybersecurity standards and could ban certain products or suppliers from parts of a future 5G network. 
 
The Polish official said no specific company or equipment from any particular country would be excluded as part of any agreement with the United States, although security and cooperation with Washington would be an important aspect. 

Visa waiver program

No announcement is expected from Pence about Poland’s request to join the U.S. visa waiver program. Poland has made progress toward meeting the necessary requirements but has not cleared the final hurdles, the senior U.S. official said. 
 
Washington has touted Poland’s commitment to fund its military to meet NATO requirements, and Trump signed an agreement during a June visit by Polish President Andrzej Duda to send 1,000 U.S. troops to Poland. Trump previously visited Poland in July 2017, a few months after taking office. 


Голова правління НСТУ Зураб Аласанія прокоментував обшуки в його офісі та помешканні, а також в помешканнях кількох директорів департаментів телерадіокомпанії, які проводило Державне бюро розслідувань.

«ДБР здійснюють слідчі дії, оскільки вважають, що в працівників Суспільного можуть бути знайдені документи чи флешки, які є речовими доказами в кримінальному провадженні щодо можливих протиправних дій службових осіб ПАТ «НСТУ», а саме зловживання службовим становищем із метою одержання неправомірної вигоди для себе чи інших фізичних або юридичних осіб», – мовиться в повідомленні.

За словами Аласанії, йдеться про закупівлю у 2017 році аудіовізуального обладнання, а також про земельну ділянку, що входить до статутного капіталу телерадіокомпанії та діяльності фонду «Підтримки створення та розвитку суспільного телебачення і радіомовлення в Україні».

«Я вже не кажу, що підслідність ДБР – це державні компанії, а ми такою не є. Чи є думки про політичні корені, пов‘язані зі свободою слова? І чи не пов’язано це з позовом пана Богдана (голови СБУ Андрія Богдана, – ред.) до програми Схеми і до НСТУ? Не знаю; мені поки здається, ДБР демонструє м‘язи і «ставить себе на районі», показує новій владі, що в строю правоохоронців вони теж помітні», – зазначив голова НСТУ.

Він додав, що якщо стане зрозуміло, що таким чином чиниться тиск з метою «приструнити Суспільне», то в НСТУ мовчати про це не будуть.

30 серпня Державне бюро розслідувань провело обшуки в приміщенні Національної суспільної телерадіокомпанії України. У відосмстві зазначили, що слідчі дії птривали в рамках досудового розслідування кримінального провадження щодо «зловживання службовим становищем з метою одержання неправомірної вигоди».

Національна суспільна телерадіокомпанія, зі свого боку, повідомила, що з обшуками прийшли й до голови правління НСТУ Зураба Аласанії та кількох інших співробітників компанії.

Представник ОБСЄ з питань свободи ЗМІ Арлем Дезір після повідомлень про обшуки в приміщенні Національної суспільної телерадіокомпанії України та в помешканні голови правління НСТУ Зураба Аласанії закликав владу в Україні утриматися від тиску на державні ЗМІ.


При цьому у відомстві уточнили, що були вжиті заходи для повернення та утилізації цієї продукції


Депутати Верховної Ради України від партії «Опозиційна платформа – За життя» Віктор Медведчук і Вадим Рабінович побували у московському СІЗО «Лефортово», де перебувають отримувані Росією Українці.

При цьому раніше туди не пустили адвокатів, які представляють інтереси українських політв’язнів Володимира Балуха та Олександра Кольченка.

Депутати відвідали політв’язнів Станіслава Клиха і Миколу Карпюка. Вони висловили сподівання, що обмін утримуваними особами між Росією і Україною відбудеться.

Адвокатів до Балуха та Кольченка не пустила адміністрація СІЗО. Голова правозахисної організації «Агора» Павло Чиков підкреслив, що це є прямим порушенням закону, «і ніякий обмін його не виправдовує».

Джерела Радіо Свобода в українських правоохоронних органах повідомили 30 серпня, що обмін утримуваними особами між Україною і Росією відкладається до наступного тижня.

Про те, що обмін може відбутися наступного тижня, повідомив раніше український адвокат кількох громадян Росії Валентин Рибін. Він вказав, що його підзахисні все ще перебувають у СІЗО в Україні, а можливою датою обміну назвав вівторок, 3 вересня.

Офіс президента України Володимира Зеленського раніше 30 серпня заперечив завершення процесу обміну утримуваними особами між Україною та Росією.

«Коли взаємне звільнення утримуваних осіб завершиться, Офіс президента повідомить про це на офіційних каналах», – мовиться в повідомленні в соцмережі Facebook.

Процес переговорів щодо обміну заручників триває, повідомила також речниця Служби безпеки України Олена Гітлянська.

У ніч на 30 серпня засоби масової інформації повідомили, що Україна та Росія обміняли утримуваних громадян.

Останніми тижнями засоби інформації повідомляли, що Росія і Україна домовилися про обмін «33 на 33» (Росія зараховує до цієї формули і захоплених у Чорному морі українських моряків, яких має звільнити за рішенням Міжнародного трибуналу з морського права). 23 серпня президент України Володимир Зеленський заявив, що сподівається на «перші результати» переговорів щодо обміну утримуваних осіб між Україною та Росією найближчим часом.


The lineup is now set for the next Democratic presidential debate in September. A total of 10 Democratic contenders qualified for the debate in Houston, Sept. 12, half the number of the previous two debates that were held over two nights. VOA National correspondent Jim Malone has more on who is in the next debate and what it means for the race to pick a Democratic presidential nominee.
 


Про це заявляють джерела Радіо Свобода в українських правоохоронних органах, а також адвокат Валентин Рибін, який захищає громадян Росії