У Національному банку України заявляють, що якщо інформація про обслуговування російським «Сбербанком» власників «паспортів» ОРДЛО підтвердиться, то НБУ ініціюватиме запровадження до цього банку санкцій.

«У разі підтвердження цієї інформації, НБУ ініціюватиме перед РНБО питання щодо застосування санкцій до дочірнього банку Сбербанку Росії в Україні – ПАТ «Сбербанк», – йдеться у повідомленні на сайті регулятора.

У НБУ нагадали, що, згідно зі ст. 5 Закону України «Про санкції», рішення щодо застосування санкцій до окремих юридичних осіб ухвалює Рада національної безпеки й оборони та набуває чинності після відповідного указу президента України.

7 березня «Сбербанк Росії» повідомив, що «готовий до обслуговування осіб, які звернулися з паспортами «ДНР» і «ЛНР», у всіх філіях банку». У відповідь міністр внутрішніх справ України Арсен Аваков закликав Нацбанк застосувати санкції до цієї фінансової установи.

18 лютого президент Росії Володимир Путін підписав указ про визнання «документів», виданих на території окремих районів Донецької та Луганської областей, не підконтрольних Україні. Президент України Петро Порошенко назвав це «черговим доказом російської окупації» цих територій.

Україна наполягає, що таким чином Росія ще більше гальмує реалізацію Мінських домовленостей. У Росії натомість заявляють, що указ Путіна – тимчасовий, і діятиме до втілення сторонами Мінських угод. 


У Маріуполі у вівторок відбувся мітинг проти блокади торгівлі з непідконтрольною частиною Донбасу.

За повідомленням кореспондента Радіо Свобода, мітингувальники на Театральній площі тримали плакати «Досить сидіти на рейках, йдіть працювати!» «Блокада – розруха промислових центрів», «Блокада – злочин проти України». Ініціатором мітингу виступило маріупольське відділення Українського союзу промисловців і підприємців, про що на своїй сторінці у «Фейсбуці» написав його голова Андрій Дияконов.

Серед учасників мітингу у Маріуполі були й депутати Верховної Ради Тетяна Чорновол і Дмитро Лубинець. Чорновол зокрема назвала учасників блокади «провокаторами Путіна».

Як повідомляє кореспондент Радіо Свобода, на маріупольській площі також були присутні й прихильники блокади, серед яких – волонтери, активісти міста. Доступ до сцени для прихильників блокади був обмежений. Тим, хто зумів прорватися на сцену, відключали мікрофон.

Активісти, які прийшли підтримати блокаду, стверджують, що серед протестувальників – переважно працівники металургійних комбінатів і бюджетних підприємств міста.

Акцію на площі охороняли посилені наряди поліції.

Від січня активісти, серед яких депутати Верховної Ради та люди, що називають себе ветеранами АТО, блокують деякі ділянки залізниці з вимогою припинити, за їхніми словами, торгівлю з окупованими районами Донбасу. Блокада зокрема стосується поставок вугілля, що видобувається не непідконтрольній частині Донбасу.

Президент України Петро Порошенко та прем’єр-міністр Володимир Гройсман засудили дії блокувальників.


A German court rejected a temporary injunction against Facebook on Tuesday in a case brought by a Syrian refugee who sued the social networking site for failing to remove faked posts linking him to crimes and militant attacks.

The Wuerzburg district court said in a preliminary ruling that Facebook is neither a “perpetrator nor a participant” in what it said was “undisputable defamation” by Facebook users, but simply acting as a hosting provider that is not responsible for preemptively blocking offensive content under European law.

The posts in dispute featured a picture showing Anas Modamani, a 19-year-old from Damascus, taking a selfie with Chancellor Angela Merkel in September 2015 at a refugee shelter in the Berlin district of Spandau.

Modamani’s image was subsequently shared on Facebook on anonymous accounts, alongside posts falsely claiming he was responsible for the Brussels airport bombing of March 2016 and setting on fire a homeless man in December last year by six migrants at an underground station in Berlin.

The court rejected the need for a temporary injunction sought by Modamani to require Facebook to go beyond measures the company had taken to block defamatory images of him for Facebook users in Germany using geo-blocking technology.

In a statement following the decision, Facebook expressed concern for Modamani’s predicament but said the court’s ruling showed the company acted quickly to block access to defamatory postings, once they had been reported by Modamani’s lawyer.

The case has been closely watched as Germany, a frequent critic of Facebook, is preparing legislation to force the social networking website to remove “hate speech” from its web pages within 24 hours or face fines.

After the ruling, Modamani’s lawyer in the case, Chan-jo Jun, told a news conference he was disappointed such imagery continued to circulate online and more must be done to force Facebook to delete hate-filled content on its own accord.

“We have to decide whether we want to accept that Facebook can basically do whatever it wants or whether German law, and above all the removal of illegal contents in Germany, will be enforced. If we want that we need new laws,” Jun said.

Modamani’s complaint maintained that defamatory images based on the selfie posted to Facebook were still viewable online outside of Germany, or by users within Germany using a sophisticated Tor browser.

But the court found that the risk of average German users seeing the illegal content was not sufficiently credible and therefore a temporary injunction was unnecessary at this stage.

The ruling said there remained a legitimate issue over whether it was technically feasible for Facebook to do more to block such images, but this would require testimony by experts.

Tuesday’s decision is subject to appeal within one month of the yet-to-be-published written judgment, a court statement said. Jun declined to say whether an appeal was planned, saying the decision remained up to his client.


Facebook has launched a tool it says will help flag so-called fake news.

The tool adds a “disputed news” flag on stories that have been deemed fake by what Facebook says are third parties, including Snopes, Politifact and Factcheck.org.

Facebook announced the disputed news flag in December, but it appears it only has gone live in the past day or so, according to news reports.

If a story is flagged by some of Facebook’s 1.86 billion users, the company will determine which to send to the third parties. If the story is fake, it will still be on Facebook, but will carry a notice that it was disputed along with an explanation about why.

Disputed stories can still be shared, but users will be warned they are sharing fake news.

According to USA Today, one fake news story about how President Trump’s Android phone was the source of White House leaks came from a fake news site called “The Seattle Tribune.” The story now appears with a disputed flag as well as links to third party explanations as to why.

A May 2016 survey from the Nieman Lab said 44 percent of Americans get their news from Facebook.

 


From lasers that cut denim at a factory, to drones that irrigate crops, it’s not a new story that machines are doing more work than ever. But people have long feared that robots are coming for their jobs, so technology evangelists now are calling on their peers to build a future in which the impact on human is lessened.

Tim O’Reilly, the founder of O’Reilly Media, a technology consulting company, thinks the solution is a “hybrid,” mixing humans and machines. He sees that happening already. O’Reilly says most software, for example, is actually a service that depends on human beings in the background to keep it updated and running.

This could be a paradigm shift for Silicon Valley acolytes. Out with the old: a reputedly cold, relentless push for efficiency through algorithms and automation, no matter the consequences for the working class. In with the new: innovation with a human face.

“It’s so important that we have to think about not using technology to replace people — but to augment them, to do something that was previously impossible,” O’Reilly said last week in Ho Chi Minh City at Apricot, an annual summit organized by the Asia and Pacific Internet Association and APNIC, the regional registry for domain names.

With more skills, people can work alongside robots. Lyft and Uber rely on software that’s intended to make drivers more productive. They’re not completely different from airplanes, which are flown mostly by computers, but there might never be a day when passengers feel comfortable flying without at least one human at the helm.

Jonathan Brewer, a trainer at the nonprofit Network Startup Resource Center, believes the next stage of development should improve on the one before it, when the exploding numbers of factories and machines left so many people with undrinkable water and unbreathable air. Now, he said, technophiles must consider how their inventions help people. 

At an Apricot workshop, Brewer described sensors that alert residents an hour before a mudslide will hit, for example, and other “life-saving devices that cost very, very little money.”He says there doesn’t seem much point in having droids to clear tables and dig up copper ore if humans aren’t in a position to use the results of their labor.

O’Reilly illustrated the hybrid approach with the so-called Mechanical Turk. Not Amazon’s tool to outsource small tasks, but the 18th-century machine that seemed to beat humans at chess. In fact, there was a man inside all along, and that is the point. Looking out over an audience of programmers, engineers, and other operators building the internet, O’Reilly compared them to the Mechanical Turk: The world needs workers powered by blood, not just those powered by batteries.

“All of you, in some sense, are inside the internet. You go away, it stops working,” he said. “It’s not like a piece of software in a PC era where if you had a copy of Microsoft Windows running on your personal computer, it would keep running without the original programmers. Almost all of the software we depend on today is a service that depends on the work of people like you.”

There may be some wishful thinking, too, in technologists’ optimism that humans will thrive in the robot future. In 2015, consulting firm McKinsey projected that automation could eliminate 45 percent of today’s occupations. That’s why more people in the technology sector are warming to the idea of a universal basic income, which shares the benefits of innovation by giving each citizen a small monthly check.

But Brewer holds out hope in cooperation between people and machines. Many advancements don’t just make lives easier, such as thermostats that adjust the temperature to a dweller’s liking. He said there is technology, for example, that lets city employees know when street lights go out, or trash cans are full, so they don’t have to drive around checking manually, which many local governments do. But once the notice is sent, a human still needs to respond and ensure services are delivered.

For technology, conference-goers said, early adopters first embraced the inexorable, unsympathetic march of change as an indisputable benefit. But in this next phase, people are rethinking disruption, or at least wondering how to soften the blow on humans.


Young adults who spend a lot of time looking for social connections on social media could instead find themselves feeling socially isolated, a new study suggests.

Researchers looked at the social media habits of 1,787 American adults aged 19 to 32, asking them how much they used 11 popular social media sites, including Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat, Twitter and LinkedIn, among others.

After controlling for various demographic factors, they found that people who used social media more than two hours per day “had twice the odds for perceived social isolation than their peers who spent less than half an hour on social media each day.”

Those who visited social media sites 58 times a week or more “had about triple the odds of perceived social isolation than those who visited fewer than nine times per week.”

Writing in the American Journal of Preventative Medicine, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine add that increased social isolation has been associated with “an increased risk for mortality.”

“This is an important issue to study because mental health problems and social isolation are at epidemic levels among young adults,” said lead author Dr. Brian A. Primack, director of Pitt’s Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health. “We are inherently social creatures, but modern life tends to compartmentalize us instead of bringing us together. While it may seem that social media presents opportunities to fill that social void, I think this study suggests that it may not be the solution people were hoping for.”

“We do not yet know which came first, the social media use or the perceived social isolation,” said senior author Dr. Elizabeth Miller, professor of pediatrics at Pitt and chief of the Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC.

“It’s possible that young adults who initially felt socially isolated turned to social media. Or it could be that their increased use of social media somehow led to feeling isolated from the real world. It also could be a combination of both. But even if the social isolation came first, it did not seem to be alleviated by spending time online, even in purportedly social situations.”

Researchers social media may cause feelings of social isolation by replacing “authentic social experiences;” causing feelings of exclusion stemming from seeing photos of friends having fun at events to which they were not invited; or may lead people to think others have happier or more successful lives due to often idealized presentation of one’s life online.

Researchers say more study needs to be done, but they say doctors should ask patients about social media use if they show symptoms of social isolation.

“People interact with each other over social media in many different ways,” said Primack, “In a large population-based study such as this, we report overall tendencies that may or may not apply to each individual. I don’t doubt that some people using certain platforms in specific ways may find comfort and social connectedness via social media relationships. However, the results of this study simply remind us that, on the whole, use of social media tends to be associated with increased social isolation and not decreased social isolation.”


Q: Who is subject to the suspension of entry under the Executive Order (EO)?

Foreign nationals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen, who are outside the U.S. who do not have a valid visa on the effective date of this order are not eligible to enter the U.S. while the temporary suspension remains in effect.

Q: Will in-transit travelers within the scope of the EO be denied entry into the U.S.?

Those individuals who are traveling on valid visas and arrive at a U.S. port of entry will still be permitted to seek entry into the U.S..

Q: I am a foreign national from one of the six affected countries currently overseas and in possession of a valid visa, but I have no prior travel to the U.S.. Can I travel to the U.S.?

Foreign nationals from Sudan, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen who have valid visas will not be affected. No visas will be revoked solely based on this EO.

Q: I am presently in the U.S. in possession of a valid multiple entry visa but am a national of one of the six affected countries, can I travel abroad and return to the U.S.?

Yes. Individuals within the U.S. with valid multiple entry visas on the effective date of the order are eligible for travel to and from the U.S., provided the visa remains valid and the traveler is otherwise admissible.

Q: Will the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of State (DOS) be revoking the visas of persons ineligible to travel under the revised EO?

Visas will not be revoked solely as a result of the EO. The Department of State has broad authority under Section 221(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to revoke visas.

Q: What is the process for overseas travelers affected by the EO to request a waiver?

Waivers for overseas travelers without a valid U.S. visa will be adjudicated by the Department of State in conjunction with a visa application.

Q: How are returning refugees and asylees affected by the EO?

Returning refugees and asylees, i.e., individuals who have already been granted asylum or refugee status in the U.S., are explicitly excepted from this EO.

Q: Are first-time arrival refugees with valid /travel documents allowed to travel to the U.S.?

Yes, but only refugees, regardless of nationality, whose travel was already formally scheduled by the Department of State, are permitted to travel to the U.S. and seek admission.

Q: Will unaccompanied minors within the scope of the EO be denied boarding and or denied entry in to the U.S.?

Any individuals, including children, who seek entry to the U.S. must have a valid visa (or other approved travel document) before travel to the U.S. The Secretary of State may issue a waiver on a case-by-case basis when in the national interest of the U.S..

Q: When will the EO be implemented?

The EO is effective at 12:01 A.M., Eastern Standard Time, on March 16, 2017.

Q: When will U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) issue guidance to both the field and airlines regarding the EO?

CBP will issue guidance and contact stakeholders to ensure timely implementation consistent with the terms of the EO.

Q: What does granting a waiver to the EO mean? How are waivers applied to individual cases?

Per the EO, the Departments of Homeland Security and State can review individual cases and grant waivers on a case-by-case basis if a foreign national demonstrates that his or her entry in to the U.S. is in the national interest, will not pose a threat to national security, and that denying entry during the suspension period will cause undue hardship.

Q: Does “from one of the six countries” mean citizen, national, or born in?

The EO applies to both nationals and citizens of the six countries.

Q: Will nationals of the six countries with valid green cards (lawful permanent residents of the U.S.) be allowed to return to the U.S.?

Per the EO, the suspension of entry does not apply to lawful permanent residents of the U.S.

Q: Can a dual national who holds nationality with one of the six designated countries traveling with a passport from an unrestricted country travel to the U.S.?

The EO exempts from its scope any dual national of one of the six countries when the individual is traveling on a passport issued by a different non-designated country.

Q: Are international students, exchange visitors, and their dependents from the six countries (such as F, M, or J visa holders) included in the EO? What kind of guidance is being given to foreign students from these countries legally in the U.S.?

The EO does not apply to individuals who are within the U.S. on the effective date of the order or to those individuals who hold a valid visa. Individuals holding valid F, M, or J visas may continue to travel to the U.S.

Q: Can U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) continue refugee interviews?

The Departments of Homeland Security and State will conduct interviews as appropriate and consistent with the EO. However, the EO suspends decisions on applications for refugee status, unless the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State jointly determine, on a case-by-case basis, that the entry of an individual as a refugee is in the national interest and would not pose a threat to the security or welfare of the U.S.

Q: Does the EO apply to those currently being adjudicated for naturalization or adjustment of status?

USCIS will continue to adjudicate Applications for Naturalization (Form N-400) and Applications to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status (Form I-485) and grant citizenship consistent with

existing practices.

Q: Why was Iraq treated differently in this EO?

The Iraqi government has expressly undertaken steps to provide additional information about its citizens for purposes of our immigration decisions. Accordingly, it is no longer necessary to include Iraq in the temporary suspension applicable to the other six countries, but visa applications and applications for admission to the U.S. by Iraqi nationals will be subjected to additional scrutiny to determine if they have

connections with ISIS or other terrorist organizations.

(This Q&A has been edited and abridged. The full Q&A can be found here)


Національне антикорупційне бюро України повідомляє про відкриття кримінального провадження за фактом подій, що відбулись 4 березня біля будівлі Інституту кардіології імені Стражеска, куди з лікарні «Феофанія» було доставлено голову Державної фіскальної служби Романа Насірова. Про це інформує прес-служба бюро.

«4 березня група осіб, які називали себе народними депутатами, перешкоджала законним діям співробітників Бюро, метою яких було доставити голову ДФС на обстеження до згаданої медичної установи з метою проведення об’єктивної оцінки стану його здоров’я», – йдеться в повідомленні НАБУ.

Справу розслідують за статтею про опір працівникові правоохоронного органу під час виконання ним службових обов’язків Кримінального кодексу України.

Відео, оприлюднене НАБУ:

6 березня Солом’янський районний суд Києва продовжив розгляд питання про обрання запобіжного заходу для відстороненого від виконання обов’язків голови Державної фіскальної служби Романа Насірова.

НАБУ підозрює Насірова у вчиненні злочину, передбаченого ч. 2 ст. 364 Кримінального кодексу України (зловживання службовим становищем, що спричинило тяжкі наслідки). Слідство вважає, що Насіров протягом 2015-2016 років, діючи в інтересах депутата Верховної Ради Олександра Онищенка, надав керівникам регіональних і територіальних органів ДФС незаконну вказівку приймати безпідставні рішення про розстрочення податкового боргу трьом ТОВ. Такими рішеннями державі завдано збитків на суму майже 2 мільярди гривень. Захист Насірова звинувачення спростовує.